Home Health Topics Health Reports Learning Centers Find a Dermatologist Medical Website Design

Other Newborn Skin Conditions

Erythema Toxicum

A fairly common, benign, and self-limiting skin eruption that typically occurs within the first few days after birth, erythema toxicum is characterized by blotchy red spots on the skin with overlying white or yellow papules or pustules. These lesions may be few or numerous. The eruption typically resolves within a few days. The cause of erythema toxicum is unknown. Hypersensitivity to detergents in bedsheets and clothing is sometimes suspected, but the connection remains unproven. Because the eruption is transient and self-limiting, no treatment is indicated.

Sucking Blisters

These blisters, seen on fingers, hands, wrists, and even the arms of newborns, are caused by vigorous sucking of the infant in the mothers womb (in utero). No treatment is needed, as they disappear rapidly without consequences.

Transient Neonatal Pustular Melanosis

This benign, self-limiting eruption usually appears at birth as tiny clear or pus-filled blisters. Due to their superficial nature, they rupture easily, often leaving a small ring of scale. These marks evolve into light brown patches that fade within a few months. No treatment is indicated.

Article Continues Below

Cradle Cap

Cradle cap, or seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, is a waxy or greasy scaling that appears on a red base over the scalp in infants during the first few months of life. The condition sometimes spreads to the face, especially around the eyebrows and nose, and to the ears. With simple treatment, this usually disappears by 8 to 12 months. Treatment consists of frequent shampooing. If the scales are thick and resistant, warm mineral or olive oil can be gently rubbed in. The hair should be brushed or combed at least daily to help loosen the scales. Occasionally, medications are prescribed for stubborn areas.

For more information, please read Cradle Cap.

Diaper Rash
Diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) is the most common skin disorder seen in infants and toddlers. It can be caused by a variety of factors, the most common of which is prolonged contact with urine or feces in a soiled diaper, causing irritation to the skin. The irritated skin sometimes becomes infected with the yeast candida. Chafing or friction also can worsen the problem.

The rash responds well to frequent diaper changes and by allowing the child to go without diapers for periods of time daily. Baby powder or cornstarch can be used as drying agents to help reduce moisture and friction. Candida should be treated with any of the various anticandidal creams prescribed by a doctor. If evidence of candida appears in the mouth (thrush) or the anal area, an oral medication may be prescribed as well. Mild cortisone creams can be applied for severe irritations, but prolonged use should be avoided.

For more information, please read Diaper Rash.

Physician-developed and -monitored.
Original Date of Publication: 01 Sep 2000
Reviewed by: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.
Last Reviewed: 04 Dec 2007

©, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

  • Jon Lovitz Gets Serious About Psoriasis
  • How to Control Psoriasis This Winter
  • New Cholesterol Drug Shows Great Potential
  • Study Slams Dosing Instructions for Childhood Medicines
  • Kids Enjoy Low-Sugar Cereals, Study Finds
  • Alpha-Carotene Linked to Longevity, Study Suggests
  • Higher Risk of ADHD in Children with High Blood Pressure
  • New Discovery Assists in Cancer Research
  • Can Probiotics Help Kids With Upset Stomachs?
  • Could Feeding Infants Formula Help Prevent Type 1 Diabetes?
  • Race, Gender and Location Influence Risk of Hypertension
  • FDA Approves New Drug for Late-Stage Breast Cancer
  • Study Compares Treatment Options for Women With DCIS
  • Diabetes and Depression: A Two-Way Street
  • Study Finds Common Chemicals May Hinder Immune Functioning
  • Tricyclic Antidepressants Linked to Cardiovascular Disease
  • Rates of Some Sexually Transmitted Diseases Rising, CDC Reports
  • Prostate Cancer Treatment May Promote Colorectal Cancer
  • Secondhand Smoke Kills Over 600,000 Annually
  • Smoking Increases Risks of Rheumatoid Arthritis Among African Americans
  • Other Conditions (7)
  • Frequently Asked Questions F... (7)
  • Conditions (7)
  • Overview, FAQs (7)
  • My newborn baby has black dis... (1)
  • Port-wine birth marks (1)
  • Shingles to Chickenpox (1)
  • Lines on skin (1)
  • Acne Nodules.... (1)
  • Diaper Rash (1)



Alternative Medicine

Animal Health

Avian Flu







General Health


LGBT Health

Male Health

Mental Health





Pediatric Health





Senior Health

Sexual Health

Sleep Disorder




Women's Health

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.

This page last modified: 25 Aug 2010

Remedy Health Media logo
Magazines: Diabetes Focus® | MediZine's Healthy Living™ | Remedy® | RemedyKids™ | RemedyMD™
Websites:® | RemedyLife™ | | |
© 2010 Remedy Health Media, LLC. All rights reserved.